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The 4 elements of fitness

The 4 elements of fitness
The 4 elements of fitness : Most people want to be fit, but this raises a question. What does it mean to be fit? The answer is quite simple. To be fit, you must have a physical ability in four areas: aerobic fitness, muscle strength and endurance, flexibility and body composition , The 4 elements of fitness.
The 4 elements of fitness


The 4 elements of fitness : Most people want to be fit, but this raises a question. What does it mean to be fit? The answer is quite simple. To be fit, you must have a physical ability in four areas: aerobic fitness, muscle strength and endurance, flexibility and body composition , The 4 elements of fitness.

1 -  Aerobic capacity. Aerobic fitness, also called cardio respiratory fitness, refers to the health and function of the heart, lungs and circulatory system. In short, aerobic fitness is the ability of the cardio respiratory system to provide adequate oxygen supply to the muscles they exercise. As your aerobic capacity increases, your ability to participate in more intense and sustainable exercises also increases (Leg walking, running, swimming and cycling).

The 4 elements of fitness , It can be said that aerobic fitness is the most important of the four elements of physical fitness because of the health benefits it provides. According to the American College of Sports Medicine, increased aerobic capacity reduces blood pressure, decreases total cholesterol, increases HD (good) cholesterol, decreases body fat, increases cardiac function and decreases the risk of diabetes Type 2.

2 -  Muscular strength and resistance. Muscle strength is the maximum strength that a muscle or muscle group can generate during a single contraction. Muscular endurance is the number of repeated contractions that a muscular or muscular group can perform without tiring.

Both are important components of overall fitness, since increasing your strength through various types of resistance training (Leg weightlifting) leads to increased bone strength, decreased bone loss , Decreased muscle loss, increased tendon and ligament strength, increased physical capacity and improved metabolic function. For example, burn more calories at rest) and decrease the risk of injury , components of fitness .

3 -  Flexibility. Flexibility is the range of motion in a joint. Increased flexibility offers a variety of benefits, such as reducing the risk of injury, The 4 elements of fitness , increasing blood flow and nutrient articular structures, increasing neuromuscular coordination, decreasing the risk of low back pain, improving posture and reducing muscle tension .

4 -  Body composition. Body composition refers to the relative percentage of body weight that consists of body fat and fat-free mass (other than fat, components of physical fitness , such as muscles, organs, blood, bones, and water). In general, the lower the percentage of body fat is, due to diseases associated with excess body fat such as heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, arthritis and sleep disorders , components of fitness .

I am often asked, "Can you be fat and fit?" The answer is a crushing NO. An important part of fitness is the possession of a percentage of healthy body fat because the gain in fat leads to lower athletic performance and an increased risk of disease (although it is possible to be overweight And healthy since health is simply the absence of illness or disease).

According to the American Board of Exercise, the average percentage of body fat in men is 18-24%. For men in shape, the percentage is 14 to 17%. The average percentage for women is 25-31%; However, eligible women are between 21 and 24%. Percentages of body fat in excess of 25% for men and 32% for women are considered obese.

The 4 elements of fitness
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